12.01.11 10:49

LGDK completes a review of organisational structures of municipalities and regions in Puntland

The UN supports the decentralisation in Somaliland with the Joint Programme for Local Government and Service Delivery in Somaliland (JPLGSD). UNDP contracted senior consultant Holger Pyndt to undertake a review of organisational structures of municipalities and regions.

 The review of Puntland took place in February 2011 and included visits to three municipalities: Galkayo District, Gardo District, Garowe District and the regional administrations in Mudug, Karaak and Nugal Regions as well as consultation with four ministries and different central government institutions and UN organisations participating in the JPLGSD.

Districts are according to the Local Government Law (Law no. 7/2003) established for the purposes of improving the service delivery for the inhabitants living in the area. Districts are actually provided with quite substantive responsibilities, including support to livestock management, farming, security, water, electricity, communication and protection of the environment.

Core findings included:
- The institutional structures at regional and district levels are appropriate and need no fundamental changes
- Regions are too heavily occupied with security issues to be able to stimulate regional and local development
- Line ministries like social affairs and education have established appropriate structures at regional level that need being expanded down to the district. Other line ministries need take this up in their structural designs
- Districts deliver for various reasons few services directly, like hygiene and sanitation, road maintenance, cleaning of markets, and some indirectly through financial support to health, education and the police
- Districts attend intensively to local revenue collection
- Interaction between the Districts and Communities is wanting but new planning and consultation procedures are being introduced by the JLGSD

District buildings are very poor and district staff has very low qualifications. Overstaffing is not rampant. Regions are better equipped but have few staff that mostly attend to security issues, leaving too little time and resources for regional strategic development.

A number of recommendations were given, among which: Regions need to embark on regional development planning as soon as the security situation allows for this. In the District organisations, the Finance Department should be strengthened by establishment of a Development Planning Unit and a Procurement Unit in this department. Finally, much better interaction should be established between the District and the Communities (Village Councils) through the development planning process and use of the communities for monitoring of service delivery. 

New organisational schemes were drawn up for the political and administrative organisations in districts and regions and staffing of different district departments and regional units were designed. 

More information from Mr. Holger Pyndt at